From Kodak to Kinburn: the Zaporizhzhya expedition repeated the route of the Cossacks along the Dnieper
The sports sailing expedition “From Kodak to Kinburn” within the framework of the project “In Search of the Sarmatian Sea” set off on a water voyage from Zaporizhia to pass the ancient route for 12 days, along which Ukrainian Cossacks rafted into the Black Sea. The backbone of the expedition - Stanislav, Oleg, Roman, Alexey and Maxim - told ReporterUA how the idea of the trip came about and what, apart from inspiration, is needed to conquer the Dnieper waves. The idea to repeat the Cossack route, which was passed by the Cossacks in the XIV-XVIII centuries on the territory of the Northern Black Sea region, for many yearsAzad arose from the inspirer of the expedition and its organizer, Stanislav Zaitsev. - I myself come from the city of Ordzhonikidze (now renamed Pokrov), and when I first came to Khortytsya as a student, I had the idea to get home from the island by water transport. Then there were studies, work, weekdays. The idea was forgotten, but two years ago, when I became the happy owner of the Hottabych catamaran, this idea arose again. I decided to go through the route, having gathered a company, because I understood that I would not be able to master such an event alone, - says Stanislav. Last summerm he made the first attempt to conquer the mighty Dnieper. But, as they say, the first pancake was lumpy - the expedition, starting from Bayda Island, reached only the village of Kopulovka, where the team was caught by a strong storm and one of the catamarans suffered a "shipwreck". The water trip turned into a rescue operation.
According to Stanislav, despite the failure, the idea to pass the route continued to boil in his head. He found a new team. Careful preparations for the campaign started in January and consisted not so much in technical equipment as in working out the route - the team had to find the exact coordinates of the ancient Cossack Sichs flooded by the waters of the Kakhovka Sea in order to subsequently collect land from there and bring it to Bayda Island. - In any library, given the current capabilities of the Internet, you can find all the necessary information. It turned out thato along the way we will meet all the places of the flooded Cossack sichs, as well as 4 fortresses of the Taman crossing. How did we search for sichs? We took the old maps of Beauplan, on which rivers and channels are drawn, the maps of Oleg Vlasov and the book by Dmitry Yavornitsky "Dnieper Rapids". If we take these old maps and combine them with the Dnieper navigation (ed. note: a navigation is a description of the seas and coasts for the needs of navigation, the term is also applicable in river navigation) and Yavornitsky’s book, then we can determine with an accuracy of half a kilometer where the Zaporizhzhya FROMgo, - notes Stanislav.
There were many people who wanted to test themselves and get new impressions, according to Stanislav. Over time, people dropped out. So, in the end, only two catamarans went on a trip - "Hottabych" and "Zolotse". Starting on July 8 from the Dnieper, the expedition headed to Zaporozhye, where they even managed to take part in the regatta named after. V. A. Satsky. In Zaporozhye, enthusiasts went to the location of one of the Sichs - Khortitskaya, which, according to legend, was located on the island of Bayda. Further, walking along the Dnieper, and then along the Kakhovka reservoir, the team reached the placeflooding of the Tomakovskaya Sich. Here, a member of the expedition, Roman, dived to the bottom and took out the earth, presumably from the site of the flooded siege. Near Nikopol, the expedition reached the Nikitinsky Sich. In total, during the campaign, the participants found the locations of all 7 sections and were able to get the earth from the bottom of the reservoir. The last of these was the Aleshkovskaya Sich, which was probably located on Bolshoi Potemkin Island in the Kherson region.
One of the goals of the campaign is to help not only ourselves, but also other residents of Ukraine to find their roots, self-identification, find their history. The participants of the campaign, having passed the tests of the sun, wind and water, are sure that they have come a little closer to their goal. - On a hike you meet local people, and this is the most important thing in studying history, your roots. For example, in Pokrovsky, a local resident tells us: “Do you see the cliffs of the Kakhovka reservoir? This is the Scythian Bazaar!” We think: “Oh, okay!”. Later, I find a map by Oleg Vlasov, where these cliffs say: “Scythian settlement. So it is, - said Stanislav. The campaign ended with overcoming the Dnieper-Bug estuary, where the waters of the Southern Bug, the Dnieper and the Black Sea meet. Here the guys were met by 2-meter waves and bad weather. Participants of the campaign frankly admit that it was scary. The last point, as a reward for the work, was the Kinburn Spit. - We went into the water up to the waist and saw how the salty waters of the sea meet the waters of the Dnieper-Bug estuary - the sight is simply mesmerizing. Kinburn Spit is a mystical place. If in the early morningthaw and enter the sea, then after some time flocks of dolphins will swim around you, and you can even touch them, - Stanislav Zaitsev shares his impressions.
And although Kinburn became the last point on the route of the participants in the campaign, this was not the end of their expedition. The team plans to place land from all the Cossack Sichs on Baida Island, however, it has not yet announced when and how this will happen. They already have plans for next year. - Maybe we will make a hike “Above the Scythian settlements” or we will study the left bank of the Dnieper, where there were Muslim settlements. This is all within the framework of the project "In Search of the Sarmatian Sea". Why such a name? The Sarmatian Sea is long gone, but the idea must be unattainableso that every year you can make trips and strive for something, sums up the initiator of the project.
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