How to make a small sailboat 5.5 meters long cozy and comfortable for sailing
Source Forum Boats and Yachts
In December 2005 I found this
She stood in Mariupol, the set included a mast, boom, "Veterok12", this pleasure cost me 2000 USD. First negative experience. When viewed before transportation, all the internal reinforcement elements (I still don’t know how to call them correctly, I decided for myself this: the longitudinal ones are stringers, and the transverse ones are flora) were in place. The keel block was high, the sailboat hung in it, leaning on the skin. Dinghy boats always stand like that, so I didn’t have any doubts about it. This is how it is in the photo, together with the keel block they loaded it into a truck and drove it, 350 km along our roadsdin. After unloading, I found that inside the "stringer" and "flora" came off, and on the left side closer to the stern the hull was broken in general. Alas, "Assolka" is not a light dinghy, during transportation it must stand on the keel, and only be supported from the sides from capsizing.
When I brought it, it rained down on my head: “What have you done, you threw away your money in vain”, “Assol, by definition, a turtle, and forget about racing at all!”, “Well, here you brought this Mr., now there will be a shameful stain on our sailboat club. In short, I was hurt, and I decided to prove to myself and the "experts" that "Assol" can be a successful racer. I rummaged through the "Internet" and looked for articles about alterations, at first I wanted to lengthen the body so that it would not draw water. Then I found out that in Kherson, which is closest to me, "Assolki" successfully race among themselves if their hull is standard, and elongatedblow like minitons. This served as the starting point - do not touch the contours of the hull, but the spars, rigging, sails - as far as enough money and imagination :)
The initial state:
Immediately did not like the shape of the keel. We have nets and grass in bulk and it is reluctant to carry them around. Therefore, he began with the alteration of the leading edge:
Then he tore it off from the bottom, everything that the previous owners had "smeared" there, where it was necessary to glue it with fiberglass with polyester and putty. The junction of the bottom with the keel was sealed, i.e. the keel was no longer removable, so I sandblasted it, primed it, and pasted over it with fiberglass on polyester. Then, with fiberglass putty, he gave the whole structure a smooth, streamlined shape:
For painting, he invited a specialist from a car service. He suggested using the BODY formula. I didn't resist. First, he treated everything with a primer, then with an epoxy primer, then with a two-component polyurethane paint. Now it's like this:
It was already the beginning of August, we were just having regular races. At the "impatient" itself, and then the guys offered sails from the "Dutchman". In general, the trolley was shortened during the night so that the boat would stand in it, leaning on the keel, and it would be possible to lower it along the slipway
Then they assembled the spars and by morning, the boat was ready for the first descent:
The technical inspector looked, shook his head, but "for the will to win" an inspection report (with a navigation area - the Kakhovka reservoir) drew :). Here in this form for the first time they "dropped":
In order to improve habitability, the shoulder strap can be raised to the railing, and in order to work effectively with the mainsail, the shoulder strap can be moved along the center plane
epaulette in "working" position
at the same time, the kick of the boom is exactly above the shoulder strap, and there is enough space under the shoulder strap to raise the tiller, if necessary, to steer while standing
in the parking lot, the shoulder strap shifts to the stern, the tiller rises almost vertically, we get free access to the afterpeak, and there is a galley :)
Secondly, the mast was lengthened by 60 cm so that the "Dutch" mainsail could be fully deployed, and the sides were painted. In this form, they reached the end of the season and managed to participate in four races. At the end they measured (body). We were measured, but the measurer immediately warned: "The next season there must be railings, otherwise I won't issue a certificate and I won't allow the races." Before the ascent, we stood at the wall (we didn’t have our own fenders yet, we just pressed ourselves against the rubber slope) a motorboat flew by, then the second. As a result, there are several cracks in the board.
The results of the first season: - "Assolka" can walk, but the spars and rigging must be changed; - the design of the shoulder strap is unsuccessful, since you won’t get into the afterpeak on the go; - railings are necessary not only for measuring, but also for normal operation on the tank; - boom it is located very low above the deck (it’s familiar to me, but my crew got “bumps”), and if the girls are taken for a ride, it’s not good at all; - the fender must be restored, the hull is already so flimsy, but without a fender it’s just OK ...
For the mast, I purchased a drop-shaped mast profile - 7.5 m. The flexible enlarged mast obviously required adding the main shrouds, putting the top shrouds through the spreaders, transferring the shrouds to the deck in the same plane with the mast, adding a backstay.
I wanted to fit all this under the "Dutch" grotto. And for this, the backstay must be taken out astern. As a result, I came up with a design with a large stern railing on which a backstay and a movable boom-sheet epaulette are attached. A photo
During the winter I made a new step, deck organizers, blocks of stoppers for wiring halyards to the cockpit. Everything is clear with the headstay, I have decided on the backstay, there are still guys left. It seems obvious to me that it’s impossible to simply transfer them to the deck. If they don’t tear them out of the deck, they will tear the deck off the bottom (especially in the absence of a fender). I did not know then about the presence of Assol-2 in nature (although this knowledge would hardly have helped me). I did this: under the deck with bolts that tighten the steps and pillers, I fixed a rectangular steel pipe 30x40 (length from side to side).Under the pillers on the floor laid a steel corner 40x40. I drilled holes in the deck, passed a 16 mm stainless pipe through them. The length of the pipe was such that the lower part in the side area overlapped with the floor and the corner, and the welded lug of the vantputens remained sticking out above the deck. At the bottom, this pipe was fastened with an M6 bolt through the floor to a steel angle, and at the top with an M6 bolt to the box pipe. Now I saw here a construction with turnbuckles above the portholes, in my opinion, it was more reliable with me. Here you can see the tube through the porthole
Deck. It was initially broken, apparently the old owner (since he only went under the motor) decided to remove the pillers so that they would not interfere in the cabin. The crack ran from the trailing edge of the forluk to the leading edge of the burl. Attempts to close it up in the first year did not give any result. The deck plays, the resin falls off. In other places, the sandwich simply flaked and played underfoot. Native Assolevsky bumpers, of course, are useful to cling to them with your feet and hands, but because of them there is water on the deck. In addition, when I laid out the "organizers" on the deck (three wires per bort) discovered that there was no more space left to put his foot on the deck. Those. you have to go to the ends, and this is not good. Not to mention the aesthetic side (it jars me when they go to the ends, especially if my money is paid for them), you can catch on at the most inopportune moment and pull the halyard out of the stopper, or even worse, fall overboard.
Did the following. First, I cut out the “playing” places with a grinder and glued them back with epoxy (without putty and leveling). Then I pasted on top (over the entire deck from the stem to the cockpit) a stringer with a height equal to the deck sides. I glued 5 mm plywood onto them with mounting foam. In place of the deck, between the future organizers and stoppers, the stringer was made 20 mm higher. Between them, along the future routes of the halyards, I glued plastic tubes. The top is also plywood. Then I pasted over the entire deck with several layers of fiberglass on polyester. All puttied, leveledyal, primed, did not have time to just paint. The deck no longer plays, and the halyards now go "inside" the deck. New bulwarks with large scuppers cut out of oak. Moved the epaulettes of the sheet boom to the cockpit coaming, installed winches on the edge of the wheelhouse.
Now, since I lengthened the mast, raised the boom above the deck, increased the sail area to 17 square meters, it is clear that something needs to be done with stability. According to my estimates, it turned out that 80-90 kg should be added to the keel. I did not like it, besides, it was already so easy not to climb into it. Having carefully studied the design, I found that the centerboard in the folded state does not occupy the entire keel box. There is a margin of 20 cm in length and 3 cm per side in the area of the end of the centreboard. It turned out that at the tip of the centerboard it is possible to form a bulb, the capacity of which is sufficient forolives 25 kg of lead. In terms of righting moment, this is approximately equivalent to 80 kg in the keel. As a result, in the bottom of the keel, I cut the necessary hole for the bulb, welded a steel box-shaped structure to the centerboard, where lead was poured. The centerboard turned out to be 20 cm longer and 22 kg heavier. Photo, alas, no. To climb inside the well, a chain hoist was installed.
That's how they did it with the pickup. Prepared four oak slats 15x50x5800 mm. The first rail was pulled with screws from the inside to the hull along the junction line of the halves of the deck and the bottom. The second rail was smeared with epoxy and pulled to the first with screws from the outside. When the resin stood up, the screws were unscrewed, the fender was removed, but its shape was more or less preserved. The holes for the screws were drilled and oak chopsticks on epoxy were pressed in there. Then strips of 10x70 and a length along the length of the compartments were cut out of plywood. From the inside, along the joint line, glued them to the body with mounting foamtightened with screws from the outside, then the screws were removed. In a checkerboard pattern, holes were drilled along the joint (one hole in the deck half, the second in the bottom). Now from the inside with stainless screws through these holes they "baited" the fender. The gap between the fender and the body was filled with Crocodile glue-sealant and the screws were tightened. It is written quickly, but in reality this process took more than a month. In general, it was possible to restore the fender, and it looks good and performs its function, but those who have preserved their own fender cannot do thisI will advise.
In addition, he repaired Veterok and ordered new sails from TNF from Omega sail (mainsail and staysail No. 1).
In this form, I prepared for the descent and went to the technical inspector ...
So, the inspector carefully studied all my "creativity", he agreed with everything except the vantputens. Argument: "There are proven, recommended methods. Chest puttens should be installed either on bulkheads (semi-bulkheads), or on powerful knees connecting the reinforced beam and frame. Installing shrouds on the deck is unacceptable. I will not sign the maintenance act. Possible solutions: was back. 2. You make a bulkhead and install the vantputens on it. 3. You provide a calculation of your design, but not your own, but made byth designer who has a certificate for this activity in Ukraine. "The first option is meaningless for me, the third is unrealistic, it remains the second, but the season has already begun, there is no time for this. a warning that next year the ball will no longer ride :( ------- lyrical digression --------------- That's what I'm interested in: both in this thread and in pico cruisers, everyone talks about the alterations of their boats, but no one mentions technical control.are they just being modest? -------------------------------------------------- -----
The result of this year was as follows: five races - five first places. The main rivals were the Ricochets. So, Assolka with a standard hull may well be a competitive racer (of course, among boats of similar dimensions). Four races were "triangular" in the daytime, the length of the course was 5-15 m.m. But the fifth route 100 m.m., plus transitions to the races in Zaporizhia (to/back 90 m.m.) made us think that racing is great, but for a cruising sailboat you need to worry about habitability. After all, until this moment inside everythingwas still:
And yet, in the pursuit of speed, in the manufacture of the mast, a patent reef was thrown out. On the transitions, we got into serious squalls a couple of times, but we could not quickly take the reefs (the old boom was not designed for this). Conclusion, if you increase the windage, you must immediately provide a mechanism for fast corrugation. In addition, it is necessary to have a reliable engine on board, because thunderclouds run much faster than Assolka, and this enemy is more serious than Ricochet. After the squall:
For the next season, it was necessary to make a new boom, solve the issue with vantputens and start picking.
For the boom, I purchased the same profile as for the mast. On the hinge of the boom near the heel, I made two hooks for quick fixation of reef crengels. At the end of the boom, I made a box with three pulleys. A mainsheet is wound through the middle one. Through side reef pendants. At the "radical" ends of the mainsheet and reef pendants, carabiners are fixed. They quickly cling to the crengels, and also prevent the ends from slipping through the pulleys into the boom. The running end of the mainsheet, having passed through the first pulley, goes to the second one, installed inside the boom, where it changes its direction and at the bottom of the boom through tThe third block comes out, where it is placed on the stopper.
Now, from my seat, I can easily adjust the leech tension. The running ends of the reef pendants inside the boom go almost to the heel, where they are brought out through the blocks on the side surface of the boom and put on the stopper. Now the clew, standing on the ladder in the open cap-hatch, can remove the main-halyard from the stopper with one hand, and with the other hand pull down the luff and lay the reef-krengel by the hook. Then select and lock the reef pendant. It remains for me, without leaving my place, to fasten a new clew to the boom, and for the sailor to collect and bringto make the pulp of the grotto. The whole procedure takes no more than 2 minutes.
The bulkhead for fastening the vantputens was obtained in the middle of the windows. I didn’t really like them anyway, if you tighten it - the glass cracks, if you don’t tighten it, it lets water through on rolls. In general, I decided to take it off. I sealed the places of their installation, so that there was no trace of them. Then he purchased four small opening branded portholes and crashed them, making room for a future bulkhead.
I chose the following form of partition:
Then I decided to glue not one bulkhead (in the plane of the pillers), but two at a distance of 30 cm (with an offset to the bow and aft from the pillers), then they can be tied together and turned into boxes for small things. In addition, make two pillers, thus freeing the passage from the cap to the forluk. I glued the bulkheads (it was still a hassle), but I didn’t have time to make pillers (although now I don’t regret it at all). Anyway, I didn’t manage to do anything else inside, I just painted the PF-coy so that it wasn’t so scary. Everything looked like this:
Completed in parallel. First, the engine. Reviewed many engines, settled on Mercury F4 power sail. Four-stroke, with a long leg, reverse and electric generator. Subsequently, I never regretted it. On calm water, it accelerates the boat to 5.5 knots. (for 1/2 gas at a flow rate of 1 l / h - 4.5 knots.)
last year, on the Southern Bug, I rowed against the current and a headwind of 30 m / s !!! For which I was eternally grateful :)
I ordered smaller sails on the same "Omega sail": storm staysail and staysail No. 2.
I bought a dry closet and a small tourist gas stove with a 5 liter bottle. True, all this was just lying in the "coffins" and in the cockpit space. Well, back to the inspector :)
So spring 2008. This time, the inspector had no complaints about the constructive alterations. But as soon as I started talking about going to sea, questions about the equipment immediately came up: “Where is the marine radio station, signal pyrotechnics, fire extinguishers, life jackets with a SOLAS certificate? Where is the compass, maps, gasket tool? etc. Now, when all this is done, then we will talk about the sea. And for the GDP, it will do." This time, a proud entry appeared in the maintenance act: "navigation area: the Dnieper River and the reservoirs of the Dnieper cascade." And outwardlythe boat has almost acquired a new look:
Again, it was not possible to go on "distant wanderings", they were chasing around the place. But at the end of the season, one interesting journey did happen. I think, within the framework of the topic, you can talk about it in more detail. In September, from the Kherson PF, our club received an invitation to take part in a sailing regatta dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the formation of the Kherson cruising sailboat club. Of course, I could not miss such an event. (To Kherson 120 m.m.)
What I liked about Kherson is the number of Assoleks :) Apparently, this will not surprise Novosibirsk residents, they have twenty or thirty pieces there. - the norm. But we don't get together more than 2-3. And there were a dozen and a half. And there is respect for them. Mini-tonics are Revolvers, Neva, etc.. And "assol" by themselves. Moreover, there are two test groups: "Modernized Assol" and "Standard Assol". The modernized ones are those with a changed underwater part (i.e., elongated and keeled), and the standard are those with native contours, and sailing rigging - who sleeps on whatgot it.
What I remember: the second place among the "standard" was taken by the sailboat "Sea Princess" with original weapons. On the top of the mast there is a "fishing rod" about half a meter and a halyard board on a Bermuda grotto of such a width that, at first glance, it seems that this is a gaff armament. She ran very fast. Among the "modern" "Cameo" was in the lead. I saw a lot of elongated ones, but this is the first time. When reworking, it was first disassembled into upper and lower halves. Then they lengthened the lower part, but in such a way that the width in the stern did not decrease (as it usually happens), but remainedas such, as on the standard. Then, the upper part was sawn across in the burl area, and the front half was returned to its native place, and the back was placed in the stern, as in the standard. The gap formed in the middle was spliced with plywood and laminated. The centerboard was replaced with a bulb-keel, the pillers were thrown out. The mast rests on a powerful steel channel fixed above the cabin roof. As a result, there was enough space inside for a sleeping cabin in the forepeak and a decent wardroom. Length 7m, mast 8.5m, sails 22 sq.m. She doesn't walk, she just flies :)th I made for myself from this "journey". 1. You can get into a situation where NOTHING is visible, not only "in the sea-ocyane", but even on the Dnieper, 20 miles from home. Those. compass, maps, plotting tool, GPS are needed even on the GDP. (for the first time I remembered the technical inspector with a kind word). 2. The galley stove will have to be removed outside the cabin, fixed permanently and hung on a cardan, otherwise not only will you not cook anything on the go, but even in the parking lot, there will always be a dashing motorboat near the shore that will deprive us of hot soup :( (again I remembered those inspector).In addition, the cabin is very small and quickly fills with steam, which turns into condensate, creating terrible discomfort. Especially if the hatches cannot be opened due to rain. Even my windows do not save. 3. It will be necessary to make a lot of different compartments, lockers, shelves. So that things are stored in places predetermined for them, grouped according to their intended purpose. If initially all the "junk" is simply neatly placed in Assolka's "coffins", then very quickly it all turns into a dump where nothing can be found. 4. Asa latrine for the size of Assolka is well suited for the "Bio toilet", but if it is stored in a "coffin" and put under pillers as needed, then "embarrassment" occurs. It is quite easy to remove a waterproof jacket with all the rest of the uniform from the back seat and attach it to the potty, but it is no longer possible to put it all back in Assolka's cabin. You have to get out into the cockpit with your pants down. And it's good if it happens in the middle of the sea, and if it's near the city embankment;)comfort. It is possible to "change over" a night or another in "Spartan" conditions, but it is already hard to live like this for a week or two. Thus, the next front of work was provided to me :)
After three seasons, there were still enough problems. Firstly, I was embarrassed by the game of the skin on the bottom. The distance from the place of winter storage to the slipway is about 300 m, but on a dirt road. While rolling, I watched with bated breath how the skin sags in the area of u200bu200bthe stern support. Secondly, conversations with local experts convinced me that Assolka's hull rigidity is not enough, a cockpit hanging "in the air" is bad. Thirdly, the conclusions described above from the operating experience for the previous three seasons. All this forced me to proceed to the next stage of modernization. sleepala in the aft lockers glued additional flora, dividing the lockers into two smaller ones. Then, from the bulkhead of the afterpeak to the "fill" in the bow, I glued additional stringers:
The space between the new stringer and the skin was filled with mounting foam, the far compartment (from the afterpeak bulkhead to the new floor) was also filled with foam. All this was pasted over with fiberglass on polyester. Those. added rigidity to the bottom, added a reserve of buoyancy, distributing it along the length of the boat, well, I got fasteners to which you can fasten loops for "sofas":
Then I glued the bulkheads supporting the cockpit (sectional view):
At the same time, I received lockers for storing clothes and an additional division of the underdeck space into compartments, i.e. again, increased survivability.
On both sides of the centerboard-well, I glued transverse bulkheads. It turned out two compartments: in one there is a battery and a tool box, in the other eggplants with water.
The native bottom of the cockpit was removed, the space under it was divided by a bulkhead. Then, I glued a new bottom with cutouts and coamings under the hatches, through which access is made to the resulting compartments. Mooring equipment was located near the bow: anchors, ends, fenders, etc. In the stern: gas tank, buckets, scoop, dismantled oars and hook. Alas, there was no photo in the "finished" form, only the process:
Afterpeak, cut out the upper part again. The internal space was divided into two by a longitudinal bulkhead and a new top with cutouts and coamings was glued under two new hatches. On the port side, a sailing pantry turned out, and on the right side there was a galley with tiles on the gimbal. Again, there is no photo inside :( Only like this:
Next came the interior decoration. I restored the bulkhead of the forepeak, made a neat door in it. The forepeak is divided by a shelf into two parts. Life jackets are stored at the top, and ship's documents and navigational files are stored below. Right there on the bulkhead is the audio equipment:
There is a bio-latrine located under the foreluk, which is closed on top with a lid forming a chart table. The deck forluk is new, it opens to the mast. Therefore, near the latrine you can stand at full height and at the same time be closed from the eyes of those sitting in the cockpit.
(now it is located so low, because there is no latrine under it)
If necessary, the "navigator's" table can be easily moved to the cockpit turning into a dining table:
Bulkheads under vantputens turned into lockers. In the upper part on the left side there is an electrical panel, on the right side there is a barometer. Above the chart table there is a "flying saucer" chandelier:
In wardrobes, I made crossbars for "hangers" and decorative doors.
(the soft upholstery of the "coffins" is now removed)
The sides were pasted over with polyethylene foam, and on top of it with bamboo wallpaper. Now, with the windows open, it's no hotter in the cabin than in the cockpit in the shade of the sail. Plywood details are decorated with sapele veneer.
I made a visor on the hatch, which houses the instruments: echo sounder, GPS, compass and clock.
Under the entry threshold are two drawers with sockets for chargers:
On the stern I made a new ladder for three positions and a bracket for the engine:
Everything would be fine, but it took much more time than I wanted. In 2009, I didn’t go down to the water at all :( Nevertheless, I didn’t manage to finish everything to the end :( The ceiling was not hemmed, there are no pockets on the back wall of the wheelhouse (the rags were made in haste before launching, they, of course, fulfill their function, but now do not fit into the interior:
And I also wanted to make the entrance ladder "more civilized". So I have work for this winter again :) . Well, something needs to be done about the gas cylinder. Now I'm waiting for my colleague YuraIl to share his experience :)
I am silent about the fact that in parallel during this time all the equipment necessary for K4 was purchased. But, when last year it was thrown into the water, finally in the act of maintenance there was an entry: "navigation area: the Dnieper River, the reservoirs of the Dnieper cascade, the Black Sea." But the main thing is that this season I felt quite comfortable and reliable in Assolka, in my opinion, although it is a MICRO, it still turned out to be a CRUISER. There have already been described many different options for alterations, now there will be one more :) Many things are made "from the head, in place", but somethingpre-designed drawings, i.e. If anyone is interested, I can share.
In general, if there is a desire, Assolka is an excellent testing ground for folk art.