Driving alone, or why I don't like night crossings
So, the boat is in Novaya Kakhovka, and I have another weekend and I would like to try to reach Zaporozhye, or at least Energodar.
When the boat was abandoned last time, there were a few things left on it that needed to be resolved as soon as possible.
- lack of stoppers for sheets. I had to hold the sheets on my hands, this is not the case for a cruise boat. In addition, it was not enough just to put the stopper, it was also necessary to make pedestals for them, so that the sheets went from the winch to the stopper without skew.
- problem with the stoppers of the epaulette of the boom-sheet. The stoppers spontaneously "released" the rope under load, due to the fact that the rope entered them not perpendicularly, but at an angle.
- it was necessary to replace a lot of ferrous metal fasteners with stainless steel. Ordinary fasteners on the water rust very quickly
- the anchor winch was not working. For several people on board, this is not a problem - you can pull it out with your hands. This time I was going to distill alone and I needed a winch.
- The battery was 30% discharged and had to be recharged. And I still had a charger with unsoldered wires and connectors.
I made the pedestals in the garage in a couple of hours, from a 2 mm stainless plate, using an electric jigsaw, a file and a simple mechanical bending machine.
Installed, it turned out like this:
I slightly redid the wiring to the stoppers (next to the cockpit floor) of the end of the boom-sheet epaulette, now the end is securely locked:
Also, I tried to deal with the anchor winch, but did not succeed in this - it was very inconvenient to tighten the nuts there because of the narrow access to the anchor box, in which the motor was disconnected from the winch (it had to be screwed to the winch).
I took up the charger - soldered the wires, crimped the terminals - everything worked out. It has a power of just over 1500 watts, I started it up and charged the battery from 70% to 99% in less than 1 hour, and then the outlet on the pier melted. I had to quickly turn it off (looking ahead, I’ll say that later I changed the melted outlet to a new one, which I bought in a store in the city).
The charger is an ordinary delta, it is well known to self-made electric vehicles in Russia and Ukraine. Price - 500 UAH for olx.
To connect the power from the shore, I bought a coil with a cable with a cross section of 2.5 mm square. 35 meters of cable is basically enough.
Replaced all fasteners with stainless ones (I had to go to the city 2 times to buy what was missing)
The guys from the neighboring sailboat helped put the outboard motor in its proper place, for which many thanks to them, because. I don’t know how I would do it alone - it’s very inconvenient to put the motor alone there. There is simply no foothold near the transom - I am going to eliminate this shortcoming in the winter camp.
I had a full canister of gasoline and a few more liters left in the plastic tank. I expected that this would be enough at least until Energodar.
With all these things, I was busy until 16 o'clock, by this time it was well inflated. The wind was bulky on the pier, the boat was anchored with its nose to the wind. The problem was that I could not unanchor the boat at the same time, while working with the engine so as not to hit other boats standing at the pier. It was a problem. I had to be on the forecastle and aft at the same time. The way out was found in the form of a sailboatsman who was celebrating something at a table with friends on the shore. He saw my indecision and offered his help, which helped me a lot. While he was choosing anchoron the bow, I steered the boat, and then he jumped overboard and rowed to the shore to continue the feast. I don't know what I would do without him.
I went on an outboard motor between the shoals to the exit from the North Crimean Canal, at the beginning of which there was a boat.
I didn't want to waste battery power, because. I only had one of them (they didn’t manage to make the second one in 2 months in the e-cross workshop despite my requests) and it would have been enough for 3-4 hours of travel. As it turned out, it was the right decision, then the electric motor still came in handy for me.
A little about electric traction for a boat. Even with two batteries that will pull the boat for 8 hours at 4 knots, this is still not enough for a day's sailing. Putting in a larger battery is very expensive (my batteries cost me about $1100 each). However, I like the ability to go almost silently - it's much more interesting and enjoyable than under a rattling outboard. You can freely communicate in the cockpit (if you have someone :) ), you can hear the water murmuring under the boat, your hearing is not strained at all. From the barely audible sound of electricityyou don’t get tired of the torus, as from the constant rattling of a hanger. For myself, I decided that I would install a stationary gasoline generator (to reduce its noise), which I would use if I needed to go under the engine for longer than 8 hours. The price of an inexpensive 2 kW compact generator is around $400, which is cheaper than buying another battery. This is what I planned to do for the next navigation.
Shoals in the area of the exit from the parking lot:
I decided not to set the sails because I was already delayed with the exit (I planned to leave at 10 o'clock, I left 6 hours later due to the repair, which I wrote about above)
The outboard motor worked without problems and pulled the boat at about 3.5 - 4 knots. Approximately 2/3 power. I attached a stick with an echo sounder to the side, but it turned out that there was some kind of problem with it - it shows the depth incorrectly. This is yet to be dealt with.
Lighthouse near the Kakhovka lock:
on open water the wind blew into the gulfwind and I regretted that the mainsail was left in the cabin. In these parts, by evening, the wind usually subsides to calm, and the evening will soon be, so I decided not to twitch and go further under the engine. I did not remove the fenders from the deck - something I got lazy.
A little about my boat. The stainless steel arch at the stern turned out to be very convenient for the helmsman to lean on with his back, hang tied ends or a lifebuoy on it. The margin of safety is even excessive - in Kherson they tried to hang on the arch three together - it does not bend. But the tiller from the 25mm pipe turned out to be very weak - it bent under heavy loads on the rudder blade (this is felt when sailing in a strong wind). There needs to be something more helpful.
I really liked walking along the Dnieper, especially unfamiliar places, everything was interesting.
Imperceptibly began to get dark and the question arose where to spend the night. As I expected, the wind had died down completely, the water had calmed down. I was far behind schedule, because I had to at least be in the zone of stable reception of 3g Internet tomorrow evening - no one canceled my work. Better of course where there is normal wifi, in Energodar for example. I decided to go to the creek in front of the wide part of the Kakhovka reservoir, where you can hide if it blows up at night or in the morning:
I tried to keep to the center of the fairway, because. I didn’t know where any shallows were, but the echo sounder did not work. When I noticed an oncoming vessel a bit late, because of which I had to abruptly move to the side, I decided that it would be better to leave the center of the fairway a little, this was a mistake.
At about one in the morning, I was in the area of the village of Velikaya Lepetikha (by the way, mosquitoes in these parts are very angry and there are a lot of them), when I noticed that the tiller began to turn too easily. First thought: lost the steering wheel. I took the tiller of the outboard motor in my hand to move to the shore and then I noticed the speed on the navigator - zero. That's why the steering tiller turned easily - there is no load on it from the flow of water. As soon as I realized this, the outboard motor stalled. The night was moonless, I turned on the light in the cockpit to see what was there with the engine and saw an emptyeggplant next to the boat. Everything is clear - I climbed into the fishing net. Someone set up a net in the fairway, 1.5 km from the coast (poaching). The net is on the propeller of the outboard motor, and most likely also on the rudder blade, which caused the boat to stop before it was wrapped around the propeller. On the keel, she had nothing to catch on, because. the slope of the leading edge of the keel is quite large.
By this moment it was already well inflated and a large wave from the wide part of the reservoir came here. It was impossible to remove the net without jumping overboard, and I didn’t want to jump overboard when a wave could hit the hull of the boat. Moreover, I am alone. Maybe it would have been possible to remove the net from the side, but there was not enough light for me to see it well under water. I decided to wait for the morning, there were 4 hours before dawn.
The network turned out to be very large (later I found out that it was more than a kilometer) and kept the boat tightly. I looked at the navigator - the boat is not crawling anywhere. However, due to the fact that the boat was fixed to the rudder blade, it turned stern to the waves. My cockpit is open, so the wave began to freely enter the cockpit and its spray flew into the cabin. At the same time, I found out that the hatch in the cockpit floor was leaking a little and at night I scooped up water from under the floorboard.
During the night I was convinced of the strength of the hull: when a wave approaches, the wide stern quickly emerges on it, and when it passes under the hull, the stern flops into the hollow between the waves. All this is accompanied by loud pops on the water and the creaking of wood, I think in the area where the rudder stock passes, because. it had a variable load from the entire hull of the boat.
At 5 o'clock in the morning I heard some fuss outside, looked out - there was a motor boat nearby with three types with closed faces who were pulling the net from under me. I shouted to them that the screw was tangled in the net, so they stopped trying to pull it out and just cut off a piece of the net and I was carried by the current.
I dropped anchor and started cleaning the suspension screw, since it was beginning to get light and it was already clearly visible. Finished with this, topped up the gas tank, decided to check the electric motor just in case. I started it, by the vibration of the whole hull, I realized that a piece of the network was also wrapped around the screw of the electric motor, but I would only crawl under the hull to clean it when I was on the pier. In principle, the screw is spinning, albeit with a piece of network on it, and even pulls well. Turned off the electric motor, started the suspension.
Then the question arose where to go - Energodar is still very far away, besides the waves were such that the suspension screw jumped out of the water and it was not at all good. Besides, I didn't sleep much last night and didn't sleep at all this one. I decided that it would be more correct to return to New Kakhovka, because. there I can leave the boat for a week or two to try again later.
Went downstream. I already wanted to sleep very much and I kept pecking my nose.
Around noon, the suspension stalled. I checked the gas in the tank and in the tube, oil - everything is there. But it won't start. He started the electric and despite the network on the screw, he cheerfully pulled me to the pier.
By 13 o'clock he reached Novaya Kakhovka and moored to the place from which he departed yesterday.
My itinerary for 2 days:
I moored and I was knocked out, I slept for 12 hours in a row.